The data are here . I picked them up on the NCAR ftp site and rewrote it to the stunningly effective (shrinking 45MB of original "anomalies_landonly" ASCII file into a 3MB file, achieving meanwhile direct-access capacity) CUF format by Senya Basin. Since the NCAR documentation was not terribly clear (and with obvious mistakes sometimes), I well could mess it up somewhere along the way (although I doubt it!). Anyways, if something looks suspicious, send me an email, or check out yourself the original NCAR source directory.
Note: There two datasets of climatology (by NCAR and by Jones) in the same NCAR directory. I put only Jones' climatology here.
Below I dump all relevant documentation I could find on the NCAR ftp site.
Alexey Kaplan firstname.lastname@example.org
Jones, P. D., S. C. B. Raper, R. S. Bradley, H. F. Diaz, P. M. Kelly, and T. M. L. Wigley, 1986a: Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature variations, 1851--1984. J. Clim. Appl. Met., 25, 161--179.
Jones, P. D., S. C. B. Raper, R. S. Bradley, H. F. Diaz, P. M. Kelly, and T. M. L. Wigley, 1986b: Southern Hemisphere surface air temperature variations, 1851--1984. J. Clim. Appl. Met., 25, 1213--1230.
MASTER - description of mass store files anomalies_landonly.Z - combined land/ocean temperature anomaly grids, 1851-1993 (UNIX compressed), each anomaly grid is followed by a count grid, i.e. station count per lat/lon (10x5 deg) box anomalies_landsea.Z - combined land/ocean temperature anomaly grids, 1854-1994 (UNIX compressed) area_ave_files - directory, see README file in this directory climate_ncar - NCAR global temperature climate grids (from combined ds200.0 and ds205.0) climate_jones - received mar95, climate grids from Phil Jones climate_jones_doc - received mar95, climate grids doumentation from Phil Jones climate_jones_rd.f - received mar95, climate grids read routine from Phil Jones read_landonly.f - UNIX read program to be used with 'climate_ncar' file and uncompressed 'anomalies_landonly.Z' file, the program prints the station count per lat/lon (10x5 deg) box under each grid point read_landsea.f - UNIX read program to be used with 'climate_ncar' file and uncompressed 'anomalies_landsea.Z' file read.qsub - Cray (shavano) batch read program readplot.qsub - Cray (shavano) batch plot program ............ ON JONES' CLIMATOLOGY (THE ONE PROVIDED HERE) From email@example.com Wed Mar 1 10:50:53 1995 Received: from ncar.UCAR.EDU by niwot.scd.ucar.EDU (NCAR-local/ NCAR Mail Server 04/10/90) id KAA15428; Wed, 1 Mar 1995 10:50:52 -0700 Received: from cloudy.geology.yale.edu by ncar.ucar.EDU (NCAR-local/ NCAR Centra l Post Office 03/11/93) id KAA26997; Wed, 1 Mar 1995 10:50:49 -0700 Received: by cloudy.geology.yale.edu (5.65/DEC-Ultrix/4.3) id AA21479; Wed, 1 Mar 1995 12:54:42 -0500 Date: Wed, 1 Mar 1995 12:54:42 -0500 From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Mike Mann) Message-Id: <9503011754.AA21479@cloudy.geology.yale.edu> To: email@example.com Status: RO Dear Dennis, Below is Phil Jones' reponse regarding the climatology for the gridded temperature anomaly dataset. Apparently, he has now constructed the climatology! I would be happy to send you folks the data, or if you prefer I'm sure you could get it from him directly. Regards, Mike M. >From P.Jones@uea.ac.uk Wed Mar 1 09:15:28 1995 >Received: from cpcma.uea.ac.uk by xgate.uea.ac.uk with SMTP (PP) > id <firstname.lastname@example.org>; Wed, 1 Mar 1995 14:02:35 +0000 >Received: by cpcmg.uea.ac.uk (MX V4.1 VAX) id 1509; > Wed, 01 Mar 1995 14:07:17 WET >Date: Wed, 01 Mar 1995 14:07:16 WET >From: "P.JONES "
>To: MANN >Message-Id: <0098CB66.395E3E00.email@example.com> >Status: R > > Dear Mike, > The big file is the climatology for the gridded > (1950-1979) data that you have. This is also what > David Thompson has although I think all he has is > the Hemispheric averages (ie 12 numbers of each > hemisphere). I can't find what I sent him but it > would have been this. I don't have a land only > refernce base). The layout and scale(*100) are > the same as the gridpoint data. Areas with no > gridpoint data during 1950-79 have been interpolated > by space filter techniques. Over land the climatology > is temperatures at 0m (ie all the individual stations > were reduced with a lapse rate of 6C/km) to make > interpolations to the boxes possible. To get a > true hemispheric average you have to scale up by the > height of each 5 deg box over land. I can't find > the program I used to do this. > Can you send a reprint of your paper in Dec 94 JGR ? > Cheers > Phil ON NCAR CLIMATOLOGY (NOT PROVIDED HERE) Roy Jenne/Will Spangler March 1994 The climate grids were put together from the southern (ds200.0) and northern (ds205.0) climatologies here at NCAR. The anomalies are not anomalies from a climatology grid. They are anomalies from a period mean, station by station. Although, Jones tries to pick a base period, it was just not available for each station, so what was available was used. Then, the grid of anomalies was analyzed with area-weighting and smoothing. If one wants a grid of temperatures rather than anomalies, we tell users to just add our climate grid. Keep in mind that Jones' anomalies are air temp- eratures over land and sea surface temperatures over water, so the resulting grid of temperatures is not air temperatures the world over. They will be close in many areas, but where cold currents they will be off, etc. Sea surface temperatures were apparently chosen for the advantages of con- sistency and continuity, and to avoid inherent problems in ship reports. Also, be aware that if you are using the latest anomaly grids, they 2.5 degrees off in spacing from the climate grids. We do have hardcopy documentation about the hemispheric climatology grids, but we really do not have any more documentation than this about the anomalies. If you want more detail, you may try to contact Phil Jones, F028@CPCMA.EAST-ANGLIA.AC.UK or Mike Salmon, firstname.lastname@example.org ..............
If that was not enough, here is the original NCAR MASTER file for your reading pleasure
**************************************************************************** *** *** /DSS/D/DS215.0 JONES' U.K. GLOBAL SFC TEMPS, MONTHLY 1851-1993 *** *** SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE *** Will Spangler *** Thu Nov 30 19:18:14 MST 1995 *** email@example.com *** (303)-497-1217 *** *** Prepared and maintained by the Data Support Section, Scientific *** Computing Division, National Center for Atmospheric Research. NCAR *** is operated by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research and *** is sponsored by the National Science Foundation. Please credit when *** publishing research which utilized data from this archive. The original *** source of the data should also be acknowledged. *** *** Direct inquiries to the person shown above, to the person[s] whose *** last name[s] appears on the 'specialist:' line below, or to Roy Jenne, *** the manager of the Data Support Section. A file of staff phone numbers *** and E-mail addresses may be found under the home directory in the file *** named staff. *** *** First time users of our archive, or this data set, should contact *** the specialist[s] before attempting to access the data. We can provide *** users with access routines, format documentation [mentioned on the *** 'format refs:' line in the listing below], and advice. *** *** Experienced users of this data set should from time to time make a *** new listing of this file, as we update our tapes and documentation *** without notice. *** **************************************************************************** *** DATA SET: 215.0 TITLE: JONES' U.K. GLOBAL SFC TEMPS, MONTHLY 1851-1993 SUMMARY: SUMMARY: SUMMARY: VOLUME: NNNMB/DAY, NNNMB/VSN, 297MB EST.TOTAL AS OF 1995MAY23 DAN SECTIONS: BB TN REFERENCES: FORMAT REFS: DS-FOLDER FOLDERS - INV INFO PROG SUBR PROJ SP.PROJ MOVIE MICRO MISC REQ I-NNN D-NNN P-NNN S-NNN PR-NNN SPR-NNN J-NNN M-NNN MS-NNN Q-NNN TYPES: GRIDDED TIMESER SFCANAL GRIDS: GLOBAL NEOLL 10-DEGRX5-DEGR \ LAND ONLY, QUADRANTS LEVELS: SFC VARIABLES: SFCT PERIODS: 1851JAN-1994DEC TIMES: MOLY STATISTICS: YRMO LONGTERM \ ANOMALIES ONLY FROM UK SOURCES: PROJECT UK JONES \CRU PDJONES, ET.AL. SPECIALIST: SPANGLER PUBLICATIONS: FILES (ON THE MSS) - FILENAME (SPECIFY IN UPPER CASE) DESCRIPTION /DSS/P/ACC/DS2150 MSS READ PROGRAM /DSS/P/ACC/DS2150A MSS READ PROGRAM FOR DEC 1990 VERSION VSN -FF T,DD PERIOD AND COMMENTS - -+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ - - ********** THIS IS THE LATEST DATA ************************* - - AUG 1995 VERSION OF COMBINED LAND/OCEAN TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES FILE - USES AIR TEMPERATURES OVER LAND AND WATER TEMPERATURES OVER OCEAN. - THIS FILE HAS DATA FOR 1854JAN THROUGH 1994DEC - ANOMALIES ARE BASED ON 1950-1979 MEANS, 5 DEGREE RESOLUTION - I=1,72 IS LON 2.5E TO 357.5E, EASTWARD - J=1,36 IS LAT 87.5N TO 87.5S - UNITS ARE DEGREES C * 100 - VALUES OF -9999 INDICATE MISSING - READ AS FOLLOWS: (USE FORMAT=CH FOR UNICOS LREAD) - DIMENSION NV(72,36) - READ 1000,IMO,IYR - READ 1000,NV - 1000 FORMAT(18I5) - Y20419 GLOBAL COMBINED LAND/OCEAN TEMP ANOMALIES, 245340 RECS, 22 MB, - 1 FILE, LRECL =90, (ROUNDED TO 96 ON COS BLKED FILES). - - MAY 1994 VERSION OF LAND ONLY TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES FILE. - USES AIR TEMPERATURES OVER LAND. HAS MORE STATIONS THAN LAND/OCEAN COMBINE - THIS FILE HAS DATA FOR 1851JAN THROUGH 1993DEC - ANOMALIES ARE BASED ON 1951-1980 MEANS, 5 DEGREE RESOLUTION - I=1,72 IS LON 2.5E TO 357.5E, EASTWARD - J=1,36 IS LAT 87.5N TO 87.5S - UNITS ARE DEGREES C * 100 - VALUES OF -9999 INDICATE MISSING - READ AS FOLLOWS: (USE FORMAT=CH FOR UNICOS LREAD) - DIMENSION NV(72,36),NVC(72,36) - NVC IS STATION COUNT PER BOX - READ 1000,IMO,IYR - READ 1000,NV,NVC - 1000 FORMAT(18I5) - Y20420 GLOBAL LAND ONLY TEMP ANOMALIES, 495924 RECS, 45 MBYTES - 1 FILE, LRECL =90, (ROUNDED TO 96 ON COS BLKED FILES). - -+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ - -+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ - DECEMBER 1990 VERSION OF LAND/OCEAN TEMPERATURE ANOMALY FILE - USES AIR TEMPERATURES OVER LAND AND WATER TEMPERATURES OVER OCEAN. - THIS FILE HAS DATA FOR 1854JAN THROUGH 1990APR - ANOMALIES ARE BASED ON 1950-1979 MEANS, 5 DEGREE RESOLUTION - I=1,72 IS LON 2.5E TO 257.5E, EASTWARD - J=1,36 IS LAT 87.5N TO 87.5S - UNITS ARE DEGREES C * 100 - VALUES OF -9999 INDICATE MISSING - READ AS FOLLOWS: (USE FORMAT=CH FOR UNICOS LREAD) - DIMENSION NV(72,36) - READ 1000,IMO,IYR - READ 1000,NV - 1000 FORMAT(18I5) - Y05396 GLOBAL TEMP ANOMALIES, 1 FILE, 237220 RECS, 21,349,800 BYTES. - LRECL =90, (ROUNDED TO 96 ON COS BLKED FILES). - -+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ - - ***** USE K0433K FOR DATA REQUESTS, ALL LRECS BLANK-FILLED TO 112 CHAR K0433K Y03317, K0431K, K0432K IN ORDER; 9 FLS, BLKSIZE=5600, LRECL=11 - - ***** COMBINED NH AND SH TEMPERATURES FROM DS205.0 AND DS200.0 - ***** IN THE SAME FORMAT AS PK0431K Y03317 ASCII, BLKSIZE=112, LRECL=112, 1740 LRECS, 12 GRIDS - - ***** GRIDDED DATA - 599060 LRECS; 67,094,720 BYTES; OCT 1989 VERSI - ***** FILE 1 GLOBAL MERGED LAND AND SEASFC T ANOMALIES, 231420 LRECS - ***** FILE 2 NORTHERN HEMISPHERE LAND T ANOMALIES , 183820 LRECS - ***** FILE 3 SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE LAND T ANOMALIES , 183820 LRECS - ***** DATA ONLY AVAILABLE 85N - 65S; MISSING VALUES ARE -9999 - K0431K GRIDDED DATA, ASCII, BLKSIZE=112, LRECL=112, 3 FILES, 67(MB) - - ***** STATION DATA - 184572 LRECS; 14,765,760 BYTES; OCT 1898 VERSI - ***** FILE 1 NH CORRECTED, SH UNCORRECTED STATION DATA, 174555 LRECS - ***** FILE 2 NH STATION DATA, 1981-1984 , 3888 LRECS - ***** FILE 3 NH STATION DATA, 1985-1988 , 4077 LRECS - ***** FILE 4 SH STATION DATA, 1981-1984 , 1026 LRECS - ***** FILE 5 SH STATION DATA, 1985-1988 , 1026 LRECS - K0432K STATION DATA, ASCII, BLKSIZE=80, LRECL=80, 5 FILES, 15(MB) - - ***** DEC 1985 VERSION - ***** ASCII, BLKSIZE=3250, LRECL=130 - ***** FILE 1 IS NORTHERN HEMISPHERE - ***** FILE 2 IS SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE - ***** DATA REALLY ONLY AVAILABLE 85N - 65S - ***** MISSING VALUES ARE -99.9 - K0310K WOR LAND YRMO T GRIDS, 1854-1984, 5404 BLKS, 2 FILES