Global Ocean Surface Temperature Atlas (GOSTA)

The data are here.

This is the January 1993 version of the Global Ocean Surface Temperature Atlas (GOSTA, Bottomley et al., 1990) referred to as ATLAS7. The data in this atlas are a compilation of marine observations from the United Kingdom Meteorological Office Main Marine Data Bank with some additional data from the US Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center. The Atlas includes the climatology of sea surface temperature (SST) and the difference between marine nighttime air temperature (NMAT) and SST. These climatologies are based on data collected between 1951 and 1980. Also included are SST and NMAT monthly anomalies from 1856 to 1991. The data were corrected to remove what are believed to be observational biases due to changes in instrumentation. These correction are based on scientific research summarized in the introduction to the hard-copy version of GOSTA (Bottomley et al., 1990). All data are presented on a 5 by 5 degree grid wherever data existed. The climatology of SST can be made available on a 1 by 1 degree grid.

The quality of marine observations is thoroughly discussed in the hard copy volume of GOSTA as well as in the references therein. The user should note that the data were collected using a variety of instruments and observational procedures aboard vessels of different shapes and dimensions.


Bottomley M., C. K. Folland, J. Hsiung, R. E. Newell, and D. E. Parker, 1990: Global ocean surface temperature atlas "GOSTA". Meteorological Office, Bracknell, UK and the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA. 20 pp and 313 plates.

Yochanan Kushnir <>