This dataset depends on the following independent variable (i.e, grid):
grid: /T (months since 01-Jan) periodic (Nov) to (Oct) by 1.0 N= 12 pts :grid
so there will be 12 links below for the different files.
You may want to get a utility like wget which can download sets of files. For example (all one line)
wget -r -l2 -nd --no-parent -e robots=off -v --relative 'http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/SOURCES/.IGOSS/.nmc/.Reyn_SmithOIv1/.monthly/.ssta/yearly-climatology/%5BY%5D0/detrend-bfl/%5BY%5Ddifferences/%5BT%5Ddifferences/%5BY%5Dpartial/%5BY%5Dpartial/%5BT%5Dpartial/%5BX/Y%5D0/detrend-bfl/%5BX/Y%5D0/detrend-bfl/%5BY%5Dpartial/downloadsarcinfo.html'
single quotes are necessary in unix to protect the url from expansion; probably necessary in other cases as well